Digital Forces a Change in World of Work 

Companies are compelled to radically change organizational structure and talent strategies
by Mike Hunter

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Responding to disruptive changes in digital technology, business models and workforce demographics, 92 percent of business and HR leaders have identified the critical need to redesign their organization to meet global business demands. This is according to Deloitte’s fourth annual report, “Global Human Capital Trends 2016: The new organization, Different by design.” Yet only 14 percent of executives believe their company is ready to effectively redesign their organization.

“By empowering teams, creating a new management model and developing a younger and increasingly inclusive leadership structure, organizations are reinventing themselves to innovate, compete and thrive” says Josh Bersin, principal of Bersin by Deloitte, part of Deloitte Consulting LLP.

Technology and Business Disruption Are Fueling the Demand for a ‘New Organization’

This year’s research clearly indicates that companies are overhauling their organizational structure and shifting away from hierarchical, functional business models toward cross-functional “networks of teams” in an effort to become more agile, collaborative and customer-focused. Despite the enormous interest in this shift, however, only 21 percent of business and HR executives feel expert at building cross-functional teams, and only 12 percent understand the way their people currently work together.

In addition, generational diversity is increasing as millennials with high expectations for personal growth work side by side with baby boomers, many of whom are delaying their retirement. A new social contract, driven by demands for rapid career growth, flexible work arrangements and an increase in the number of contract and part-time workers, is dramatically changing the employer-employee relationship.

The new digital world of work is further fueling these changes. Almost three-quarters of executives (74%) have identified digital HR — the complete redesign of HR tools and services around digital technology — as a top priority. Forty-two percent of companies are redesigning their HR systems to support mobile, just-in-time learning and 59 percent are shifting their back-office HR systems to mobile in an effort to make them easier to use by employees.

Design thinking, a developing new discipline focused on employee-centric strategies, has emerged as a major new trend that is transforming companies’ approach to managing, supporting and training their workforce. Looking beyond the focus on transactions and processes, companies are studying employees’ behaviors to help develop interventions, applications and tools that are intuitive and easy to use, mitigate stress and boost their productivity. In fact, 79 percent of executives rank design thinking as a top priority for 2016.

Employee Experience Is Priority

The balance of power continues to shift in favor of the employee, causing business and HR leaders to focus on enhancing the employee experience to help attract and retain top talent. Nearly 9 in 10 respondents (86%) rate challenges with corporate culture as “important” or “very important.” In addition, 85 percent rate challenges with employee engagement as “important” or “very important.”

To address these issues, new roles are emerging within the HR function, such as “chief experience officer” and “chief listening officer,” and companies are working on improving learning opportunities for all employees and closing the skills gap within the HR function. Four in 10 executives report their companies are ready to address the skills gap in HR — an increase of 25 percent since 2015. Moreover, people analytics is gaining speed to help improve this culture and engagement crisis. This year, the percentage of executives who believe they are fully capable of developing predictive models doubled from 4 percent in 2015 to 8 percent in 2016, indicating rapid growth in analytics as a core discipline within HR.

In terms of learning, forward-thinking organizations are putting the employee at the center and adopting new, open learning technologies. The percentage of companies that feel comfortable incorporating massive open online courses (MOOCs) into their learning platforms rose to 43 percent from 30 percent last year. In connection with the growing adoption of MOOCs, Deloitte, together with Columbia University’s School of Professional Studies and Dean Jason Wingard, Ph.D., is collaborating on offering a MOOC later this year to help HR and business professionals deepen their awareness and knowledge of the topics in Deloitte’s Global Human Capital Trends 2016 report.

Leadership Models Are Changing

Deloitte’s report reveals the traditional leadership pyramid is not producing leaders fast enough. Fifty-six percent of respondents report their companies are not ready to meet their leadership needs, and more than one in five respondents (22%) report having no leadership programs for millennials. To address this issue, the large majority of executives (89%) cite strengthening, reengineering and improving organizational leadership as an important priority in the year ahead.

“Companies must make and sustain investments in identifying and nurturing leaders earlier in their careers,” says Brett Walsh, global human capital leader at Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd. “Turning the traditional corporate hierarchy on its head, in a disciplined way, will help develop networks of teams and spawn leadership. Senior leaders and traditional organization structures will need to evolve to take full advantage of a re‑energized leadership pipeline.”

Global Human Capital Trends 2016

Conducted among more than 7,000 HR and business leaders in 130 countries, Deloitte’s Global Human Capital Trends 2016 survey is one of the largest-ever global studies of workforce, leadership and HR challenges. In the first three years of the study, companies placed a high priority on increasing employee engagement and retention, improving leadership and building a meaningful culture. The 2016 study found, for the first time, nearly half of respondent companies (45%) are either in the middle of a restructuring (39%) or planning one (6%).

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